What is the Best Medication for Anxiety?
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The two most commonly used types of antidepressants for treating anxiety disorders are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs).Examples of SSRIs include:Examples of SNRIs include:Side effects of both SSRIs and SNRIs may include:Nervousness or restlessness, Dizziness, Reduced sexual desire, Drowsiness, Weight gain or loss, Dry mouth, Vomiting, Diarrhea, Other antidepressants that may be prescribed for anxiety include:Wellbutrin, Zyban, Aplenzin, Budeprion, or Buproban (bupropion) Tricyclic antidepressants, such as Amitid, Amitril, Elavil, or Endep (amitriptyline); Aventyl, Pamelor (nortriptyline); or Tofranil (imipramine).Some people respond better to some antidepressants than others.
Benzodiazepines help relieve anxiety by enhancing the activity of a neurotransmitter in the brain and generating a sedative effect. They work quickly, and can often work within one hour or several hours. Benzodiazepines are usually prescribed for those with generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder. Because they work so quickly, and because people taking them can build up a tolerance that leaves them needing higher doses to feel better, doctors will prescribe them for very short periods of time — usually no more than a month.People can become addicted to benzodiazepines.
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It is often prescribed with an antidepressant.Side effects of buspirone may include:DizzinessHeadachesNauseaNervousnessLight-headednessExcitementTrouble sleepingSome people with phobias or panic disorder may be prescribed a heart medication known as a beta-blocker. These drugs are primarily prescribed for uneven heartbeat and high blood pressure, but they have been found to be helpful for treating the feelings that come with high-pressure situations.
Salcedo. “They are most commonly used for performance anxiety. They are really good for the physical symptoms such as heart racing, sweating, shakiness, but they work less well for the anxious thoughts that might be causing the symptoms.”Beta-blockers are prescribed to be used on an as-needed basis; they’re not taken long-term.Hydroxyzine (Atarax, Vistaril) is another medication prescribed for anxiety.
What Does Anxiety Medication Do
Most people feel anxious at some point in their lives, and the feeling often goes away by itself. An anxiety disorder is different. If you’ve been diagnosed with one, you many need help managing anxiety. Treatment typically consists of psychotherapy and medication.While drugs don’t cure anxiety, they can help you manage your symptoms, so you can function well and feel better in your day-to-day life.How Does Anxiety Medication Work
Because every person is different, you and your doctor may have to try several medications to find the right one for you. Benzodiazepines are sedatives that can help relax your muscles and calm your mind. They work by increasing the effects of certain neurotransmitters, which are chemicals that relay messages between your brain cells (what is best medication for anxiety).
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Examples of these drugs include:Benzodiazepines are typically used for short-term treatment of anxiety. This is because they can increase drowsiness and cause problems with balance and memory. They can also be habit-forming. There’s an increasing epidemic of benzodiazepine misuse. It’s important to only use these drugs until your doctor prescribes other treatment.
If you’ve taken a benzodiazepine regularly for more than two weeks, it’s important not to stop the pills suddenly, as this could cause a seizure in some people. Instead, talk to your doctor about slowly tapering off your dosage to reduce your risk of seizure. Buspirone is used to treat both short-term anxiety and chronic (long-lasting) anxiety disorders.
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Buspirone can take up to several weeks to become fully effective. It’s available as a generic drug as well as the brand-name drug Buspar.Side effects can include dizziness, headaches, and nausea.Some people also report strange dreams or difficulty sleeping when they take buspirone. Antidepressant medications work by affecting neurotransmitters. These drugs can be used to treat anxiety symptoms, but they usually take four to six weeks to produce noticeable effects.
SSRIs are typically started at a low dose that your doctor gradually increases. Examples of SSRIs used to treat anxiety include:SSRIs can cause a variety of side effects, but most people tolerate them well. Side effects can include:If you have a concern about a particular side effect, talk to your doctor.
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It’s thought that tricyclics work similarly to SSRIs. Like SSRIs, tricyclics are started at a low dose and then increased gradually. Examples of tricyclics used for anxiety include:Tricyclics are older drugs that are used less often because newer drugs cause fewer side effects. Side effects of tricyclics can include dizziness, drowsiness, lack of energy, and dry mouth.
Side effects can often be controlled by changing the dose or switching to another tricyclic.Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are used to treat panic disorder and social phobia. They work by increasing the number of neurotransmitters that regulate mood. MAOIs that are FDA-approved to treat depression but used off-label for anxiety include:isocarboxazid (Marplan)phenelzine (Nardil)selegiline (Emsam)tranylcypromine (Parnate)Like tricyclics, MAOIs are older drugs that cause more side effects than newer drugs.
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For instance, if you take an MAOI, you can’t eat certain foods, such as cheese and red wine. Certain medications, including SSRIs, some birth control pills, pain relievers, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, cold and allergy medications, and herbal supplements can react with MAOIs. Using an MAOI with these foods or medications can dangerously increase your blood pressure and cause other potentially life-threatening side effects.Beta-blockers are most often used to treat heart conditions.What Does Drug Addiction Means
Your doctor may prescribe a beta-blocker such as propranolol (Inderal) to help reduce your anxiety symptoms in stressful situations, such as attending a party or giving a speech.Beta blockers don’t usually cause side effects in everyone taking them. Some potential side effects can include: fatigue dizziness drowsiness dry mouth Other side effects may include: trouble sleeping nauseashortness of breath There are a variety of at-home interventions that can help ease your anxiety symptoms.
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Examples of these interventions include: Exercise can help to reduce stress and enhance your overall sense of well-being, according to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA). It helps produce neurotransmitters known as endorphins. These neurotransmitters are your body’s natural painkillers and can also improve your sleep quality. The ADAA reports that even short exercise sessions (about 10 minutes at a time) are effective in helping lift your mood.How To Get Rid Of Anxiety Without Medication
You can listen to music or repeat a motivational mantra on a regular basis. Yoga can also help relieve stress. Sipping chamomile tea or taking a chamomile supplement might help to ease anxiety symptoms. A 2016 double-blind study published in the Phytomedicine journal focused on individuals with generalized anxiety disorder.
What Medication Do You Take For Anxiety
Drinking chamomile tea has also been shown to help in reducing anxiety. Smelling diluted aromatherapy oils can help to reduce anxiety, according to an article published in the Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine journal. who can prescribe anxiety medication. Examples of essential oils used to provide anxiety relief include:Sometimes caffeine can make a person feel jittery and more anxious.
Your doctor can help you find the best course of treatment for your anxiety disorder. Proper treatment will likely include psychotherapy and medication.Be sure to follow their instructions when taking anxiety medications and let your them know about any side effects you have. Also, ask any questions you have about your condition or your treatment, such as:What side effects could I have from this medication?How long will it take to start working?Does this medication interact with any other drugs I’m taking?Can you refer me to a psychotherapist?Could exercise help relieve my anxiety symptoms?If you feel a medication isn’t giving you the desired results or is causing unwanted side effects, talk to your doctor before you stop taking it.
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CBT helps you change your thought patterns and your reactions to situations that cause anxiety. It’s usually a short-term therapy involving 10 to 20 visits with a therapist over a number of weeks. During these visits, you learn to understand your outlook on life and gain control of your thoughts.
This process can make you less sensitive to the things you fear. For instance, if you’re obsessed with germs, your therapist might encourage you to get your hands dirty and not wash them right away. Gradually, as you begin to see that nothing bad happens, you’ll be able to go for longer periods without washing your hands with decreased anxiety.Healthline Medical TeamAnswers represent the opinions of our medical experts.
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The term anxiety encompasses feelings of worry, fear, and unease. Although it is normal to experience some level of anxiety at times, intense or persistent anxiety may be indicative of an anxiety disorder.According to several large surveys, up to 33.7 percent of people experience some form of anxiety disorder during their lifetime.Medications are available to treat anxiety disorders.